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分享:高中英语语法非谓语动词解题技巧

编辑:donghk

2019-02-27 15:12:11

本篇文章和大家分享一篇高中英语语法非谓语动词解题技巧,文章中主要包括:非谓语动词的句子结构分析技巧、非谓语动词的逻辑主语分析技巧、非谓语动词的语态分析技巧、非谓语动词的时态分析技巧,下面就一起来学习吧。

一. 非谓语动词的句子结构分析技巧

_____many times , but he still couldn't understand it .

2. _____many times , he still couldn't understand it .

A.Having been told B. Told

C. He was told D. Though he had been told

分析:

句1. 用连词but 引导并列句子,因此,前面与后句一样也是个

独立句子成分,故选C。 句2. 句中用逗号隔开,且无连词引导,因此,前面不是句子结构,

只是句子的一个成分,故选A,用非谓语动词作状语。

句子结构练习

3. ______to the left , you'll find the post office .

4. If you _____to the left , you'll find the post office .

5. ______to the left , and you'll find the post office .

A. Turning B. To turn C. Turn D. Turned

答案ACC

二. 非谓语动词的逻辑主语分析技巧

确定要选非谓语动词之后,第二步要分析其逻辑主语。非谓语动词虽不能作谓语,但仍具有动词特点,其逻辑上的动作执行者就叫做逻辑主语。非谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语须和句子的真正主语一致。若不一致,则须加上自己的逻辑主语。

First ____ to the market, these products enjoyed

great success.

A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced

分析: 非谓语动词的逻辑主语是: these products,

与句子的主语一致, 故选B

1._______no buses , we had to walk home.

2. ______Sunday, I shall have a quiet day at home .

A. There being B. It were C. There were D. It being

分析:句1. 表示“没有公共汽车”,应用“there be”结构,

即逻辑主语是“there”,故选A 。 句2. 同理选D。

三. 非谓语动词的语态分析技巧

分析语态就是在确定逻辑主语之后,分析非谓语动词和逻辑主语在搭配使用时是主动还是被动关系。

1.______from space , the earth looks blue .

2.______from space , we can see the earth is blue

A. Seen B. Seein C. To see D. See

这两个题选项中的非谓语动词都没有加自己的逻辑主语, 因此其逻辑主语就是句子的主语。 分析:句1. “地球”被“看起来”,表被动,故选A,用过去分词表被动。

句2.我们"主动看......"即表主动,故选B。

3. The dirty clothes ____ , the girl hung them up outside .

4. ____ the dirty clothes ,the girl hung them up outside

A.

was washed B. washed C. were washed D. having washed

分析:句3. 前面应用非谓语动词作句子的状语,逻辑主语

是“the dirty clothes”,和动词搭配表示“衣

被洗“,故选B。

句4. 逻辑主语为句子的主语”the girl“,表示”女

洗衣服",为主动关系,故选D。

四.非谓语动词的时态分析技巧

The building ______now will be a restaurant .

2. The building ______next year will be a restaurant .

3. The building ______last year is a restaurant.

A. having been built B. to be built C. being built D. built

分析: 句1中 now 说明大楼正在被修,故用进行式,选C。

句2中next year 说明大楼将在明年被修,故用表将来

的不定式,选B。

句3中 last year 说明大楼已被修,但不能选,因为现在分词的完成式不能作定语,故用过去分词, 选D

附录:关于非谓语动词的一些总结

如下动词及短语只跟 doing 作宾语:

enjoy, finish, suggest, avoid(避免),

excuse, delay, imagine, keep, miss, consider, admit(承认),deny(否认), mind, permit, forbid, practise, risk(冒险), appreciate(感激), be busy, be worth, feel like, can’t stand, can’t help, think of, dream of, be fond of, prevent…(from), keep …from,

stop…(from), protect…from, set about,

be engaged in, spend…(in), succeed in, be used to, look forward to, object to, pay attention to,

insist on, feel like . . .

如下动词及短语只跟 to do 作宾语:

want, hope, wish, offer, fail, plan, learn, pretend, refuse, manage, help, agree, promise, prefer , have no choice but. . .

★ 特别应该注意: do nothing but + (to) do, 省略to 的不定式.

如下动词及短语只跟 to do 作宾语补足语

即 动词+ 宾语+ to do

want, wish, ask, tell, order, beg, permit, help, advise, persuade, allow, prepare, cause, force, call on, wait for, invite.

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